A viral wart is a very common benign lesion caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV). A Cutaneous wart is also called a verruca or papilloma and warty-looking lesions of any cause may be described as verrucous or papillomatous. Different strains may cause warts in different parts of the body. Warts can spread from one location on the body to another or from person to person by contact with the wart. HPV is a double-stranded DNA virus. There are more than 150 known HPV Types, only some of which infect the skin, giving rise to a variety of clinical presentations. Infection begins in the basal layer of the epidermis, causing proliferation of skin cells and hyperkeratosis and production of infectious virus particles – the wart. HPV is spread by direct skin-to-skin contact or autoinoculation.
If a wart is scratched or picked a wart may develop under a fingernail or another area of skin. Auto inoculation of the virus in a scratch can result in a line of warts. The incubation period can be as long as 12 months depending on the amount of virus inoculated. Warts are seen in different forms such as common warts, plantar warts, plane warts, filiform warts, etc.
These flesh-colored growths are more often on the back of hands, fingers, the skin around the nails, and the feet. They are small from the size of a pinhead to a pea and feel like rough hard bumps. They may have black dots that look like seeds which are really tiny blood clots.
These warts got the name because “ plantar ” means “ of the sole ” in Latin. Unlike other warts the pressure from walking and standing makes them grow into your skin. You may have just one or a cluster (called mosaic wart) because they are flat tough and thick, it is easy to confuse them with callus. Look for the black dot on the surface.
Plane / Flat Warts
The upside of these warts is that they are smaller (maybe 1/8 inch wide) and smoother than other types. They tend to grow in large numbers of the 20 – 100 at a time. Flat warts tend to appear on children’s faces, men’s beard area,s and women’s legs.
These are fast-growing, look thread-like and spiky, sometimes like tiny brushes. Because they tend to grow on the face, around your mouth, eyes, and nose. They can be annoying even though they don’t usually hurt.
How to lower the chance of getting or spreading Warts
You can lower the chance of getting or spreading warts by
- Don’t touch, prick or scratch your wart.
- Wash your hands after treating warts.
- Keep foot warts dry.
- Wear waterproof sandals in public showers and pools.
Treatments for Wart Removal
Currently, laser treatments are available for viral warts. Commonly used laser technologies are long pulsed NdYag laser and CO2 laser
Antiviral medication and immune modulators are combined with laser treatment for the best results.
At Doctors Aesthetics Centre, Kochi we do various types of Peels for Skin Enhancement, Anti-Ageing Treatments, Non-Surgical Fat reduction procedures etc. check out our other laser skin care procedures, and book your appointment today!